hour treatment available, as this usually requires emergency surgery


possibility of solution with early diagnosis and expert surgery

More than


of the patients are myopic

What is retinal detachment?

Retinal detachment is an eye disorder caused by the spontaneous detachment of the neurosensory retina (inner layer of the retina) from the pigment epithelium (outer layer).

It is also a serious eye disease, which can result in total vision loss if it is not treated in time. Choosing the most appropriate technique for each case is essential for the success of the treatment.

How can retinal detachment be prevented?

At-risk population should undergo eye examinations at least once a year.

It is important for patients in the high-risk group to undergo regular eye check-ups at least once a year.

In the event of a sudden appearance or increase of floaters, light flashes or any of the above symptoms, the patient should visit the ophthalmologist as a matter of urgency.

It is essential to diagnose the condition as quickly as possible, since prognosis is greatly improved if the macula or central area of the retina does not detach.

t is advisable to perform preventive laser treatment as soon as tears have appeared on the retina and before detachment has taken place.

Preventive laser treatment is also advisable for high-risk patients with peripheral retinal degenerative lesions that can eventually lead to a tear.

Retinal detachment Symptoms

As the condition does not cause pain and in many cases does not result in initial vision loss, it is important to be aware of the symptoms, even if they appear to be harmless. Typical symptoms and which usually appear succesively include:

  • Floaters (black spots that move as the eye moves). They are caused by changes in the vitreous
  • Light flashes. A highly significant symptom as it shows that traction is being exerted on the retina. They usually occur when the tear has already taken place
  • Black curtain across a part of the visual field. This occurs when retinal detachment has already taken place. Patients should see the ophthalmologist immediately
  • Distorted images followed by a significant decrease in visual acuity. This symptom occurs if the central area of the retina (macula) is damaged

Associated treatments

Various surgical techniques exist, depending on the degree and stage of detachment.

  • Laser photocoagulation. A laser is used to make controlled burns around the detached area. These burns eventually heal and seal the retinal tear, preventing the vitreous from seeping between the layers
  • Vitrectomy. Vitrectomy consists of removing the vitreous from the inside of the eye. The retina is subsequently reattached using heavy liquids and lasered from inside the eye
  • Scleral buckling. A solid silicone band is positioned around the outermost layer of the eye wall (the sclera) to maintain external pressure on the eyeball, enabling the tear to close
  • Drainage of liquid. It is occasionally necessary to drain subretinal fluid through the sclera in conjunction with other retinal surgery. This is usually carried out at the end of the operation by injecting gas or air into the eye to keep the retina in place


IMO Institute of Ocular Microsurgery

Josep María Lladó, 3
08035 Barcelona
Phone: (+34) 934 000 700
E-mail: international@imo.es
See map on Google Maps

By car

GPS navigator coordinates:
41º 24’ 38” N – 02º 07’ 29” E

Exit 7 of the Ronda de Dalt (mountain side). The clinic has a car park with more than 200 parking spaces.

By bus

Autobus H2: Rotonda de Bellesguard, parada 1540

Autobus 196: Josep Maria Lladó-Bellesguard, parada 3191

Autobuses H2, 123, 196: Ronda de Dalt – Bellesguard, parada 0071

IMO Madrid

C/ Valle de Pinares Llanos, 3
28035 Madrid
Phone: (+34) 910 783 783
See map in Google Maps

Public transport

Metro Lacoma (líne 7)

  • Lines 49 & 64, stop “Senda del Infante”
  • Line N21, stop “Metro Lacoma”


Patient care:
Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.

IMO Andorra

Av. de les Nacions Unides, 17
AD700 Escaldes-Engordany, Andorra
Phone: (+376) 688 55 44
See map in Google Maps

IMO Manresa

C/ Carrasco i Formiguera, 33 (Baixos)
08242 – Manresa
Tel: (+34) 938 749 160
See map in Google Maps

Public transport

FGC. Line R5 & R50 direction Manresa. Station/Stop: Baixador de Manresa


Monday to Friday, 08:30 A.M – 13:30 PM / 15:00 PM – 20:00 PM

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