Age-related macular degeneration

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What does it involve?

Intraocular injection of anti-angiogenic drugs is the preferred treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

When is it carried out?

Treatment is indicated for cases of active wet AMD (it is important to remember that this treatment is not indicated for dry AMD).

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Prior examination

A comprehensive eye and fundus examination is essential. An optical coherence tomography test is almost always performed and, occasionally, a fluorescein angiogram.


The injection itself is a short procedure. It can be carried out in theatre or in the doctor’s surgery, but always under strict asepsis conditions. It is performed under topical anaesthesia (eye drops) and does not generally cause discomfort.

Before the surgery

Before the injection, the eye and eyelids are disinfected. After the injection, antibiotic eye drops have to be administered for a few days.


As in all surgical interventions, the greatest risk is eye infection. If the correct prophylactic measures are employed, however, the risk is minimised (much lower than after cataract surgery, for example).

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