What tests are used to diagnose glaucoma?

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No very complex or painful examinations are required to detect glaucoma and determine its type and stage. The most important tests when making the diagnosis include an examination of the optic nerve –either directly or using automated tests such as the OCT– and the measuring of intraocular pressure (tonometry). In addition to these, a visual field test is performed to determine the stage of the disease, visualisation of the angle formed by the cornea, iris and sclera to classify the type of glaucoma (gonioscope) and measurement of the corneal thickness, as this can have an impact on intraocular pressure (pachymetry).